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You bought seeds of giant Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) but you don't know how to get a very good germination rate ?
In this article, you will learn about the method of germinating giant moso bamboo seeds and obtain a germination rate of more than 50%.
1. Soak the giant bamboo seeds 36h-48h
First of all, you must put your giant Moso bamboo seeds to soak in a glass of water for 36h to 48h. It is not necessary not exceed 48 hours for Moso seeds because beyond that the seeds will soften and will not germinate. (For smaller seeds like Fargesia seeds, do not exceed 24 hours because the shell is more fragile).
The ideal would be to be able to change the water every 6 hours. Also, you can stir the water from time to time so that all the seeds come into contact with the water. Some seeds will float, often non-viable seeds, but you still need to put them later in the process because some viable seeds may also float.
2. Remove the lemma from the seeds of the giant Moso bamboo
The second step is to remove the protective covering that surrounds the seeds of the giant Moso bamboo (the lemma). You can do this with tweezers, being careful not to not damage the seed. You can also do it with your fingernails, the lemma of the giant Moso bamboo seeds can be removed very easily.
Once you've removed the lemmas, you'll end up with some giant bamboo seeds bare.
🛈 Giant bamboo seeds Phyllostachys edulis look a lot like other bamboo seeds Phyllostachys in their shape, color, etc ... When we only have seeds, it is therefore difficult to distinguish bamboo seeds Phyllostachys nigra with bamboo seeds Phyllostachys edulis for example.
3. Put 5 layers of paper in a box and soak them
Now that you have your seeds ready, take a plastic box and put a paper (paper towel, handkerchief) in the bottom of the box. You must put at least 4 to 5 layers of paper to have a well padded and waterlogged backing.
Once your layers of paper are in the bottom of the box, put water in them, and run the excess in your sink.
It is important that the paper is well soaked to cause germination. It shouldn't be a single layer of damp paper, but a large pad of paper soaked in water.
(I often see this error: put only one layer of barely soaked paper and place the bamboo seeds on it. These are not good conditions to trigger germination.)
4. Place the giant Moso bamboo seeds on the soaked paper
You can lay the giant Moso bamboo seeds in rows, with even spacing. Put at least 1 centimeter of spacing between each seed, so that you can have time to act if any of them develop mold.
Usually after all the bamboo seeds are positioned on the soaked paper, I press on each seed with the tweezers to press them lightly into the paper. I don't know if this changes the course of things much, but I have the impression that it improves germination by increasing the contact surface between the seeds and their support.
5. Close the box leaving an air inlet
To close the box, you can use a cover or cellophane. Closing the box serves to conserve humidity. The water will evaporate, then condense under the lid and flow back into the paper.
However, it is necessary always that the air can pass inside the box, otherwise too much mold will grow. For that, if you put cellophane, it is necessary to make many holes with a toothpick. If you have a cover, you should leave it ajar. I like to use the boxes of pastries that can be found in the supermarket, because there is a space that allows air to pass through.
6. Put the seeds in a dark place
Now all you have to do is put the box in a dark place with a good temperature for the seeds to germinate.
Germination temperature of giant Moso bamboo seeds Phyllostachys edulis is 20 ° C to 24 ° C. Usually I put the seeds in a room 30-40 centimeters from a heater. You can leave them at room temperature, they will also sprout. Giant bamboo is a temperate bamboo, its seeds do not need temperatures exceeding 25 ° C to germinate well.
After 5-7 days a few seeds of the giant Moso bamboo should start to germinate:
7. Spray water
I advise you to regularly monitor the germination conditions of your seeds to check if the paper is still well soaked and if there is not too much mold growing.
If the substrate starts to dry out, I advise you to spray water on this one.
Also, if you see mold on 1 or more seeds, I advise you to remove these seeds from the box. You can also wipe the mold off the seed in question with a piece of cotton or a cotton swab and leave it in the box.
8. Put the seeds in the lights
Usually what I do when I start to see the little rod starting to come out of the giant moso bamboo seedis that I put the box in a bright room in the house. Indeed, the young bamboo stalk which comes out of the seed will be green and therefore composed of chlorophylls which will need light to ensure photosynthesis.
In general, Moso giant bamboo seeds have a germination rate of 40-50% in the first months after harvest., Then the germination rate gradually declines. However, these are not not rare seeds since there are permanently Moso bamboo stands blooming in Asian countries. Indeed, China for example has more than 5 million hectares of Moso bamboo (More than 80% of the bamboo surface in China is Moso bamboo). So there are many clones that do not bloom at the same time.
9. Transplant the seeds of the giant Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis)
When your giant Moso bamboo seeds (Phyllostachys edulis) start to have a rod that makes 5 to 10 mm high, you can transfer them to small peat pots filled with seedling soil.
I advise you to take seedling potting soil. This is thinner, which will improve the recovery of your very young plants after transplanting.
The aerial growth of your young plants may be slowed down for a few days after transplanting, while the young bamboo takes root in the soil. And then when the growth resumes, you will see that it will be very fast !
When your young plant is well established and has sprouted some new stubble, you can put them in larger pots with potting soil.
10. Plant your young Moso bamboo in the ground
Finally, after at least 1 year for a good recovery, you can put your Moso bamboo seedlings from your seedlings in the ground. The ideal would be to do your sowing at the end of the year and to plant in the spring of the year n + 2 so that your plants resulting from sowing have 18 months.
If you are used to multiplying your bamboo with a piece of rhizome, you will quickly see the difference with the seeds: The plant leaves much faster.
Le giant bamboo Moso (Phyllostachys edulis) is an impressive bamboo, which can reach a height of over 20 meters (even in France) for a diameter of more than 12 centimeters. It is also one of the fastest growing bamboos, since it can grow over 1 meter per day. It is widely used in Asian countries for the consumption of shoots and for furniture and construction.
It is a high-yielding bamboo that can produce more than 7 tons of shoots per hectare each year. The shoots of the giant Moso bamboo have very good taste and nutritional qualities.
It is a tracing bamboo, like all those of the genre Phyllostachys. It is therefore necessary to plan measures to contain it if you plan to plant one. The anti-rhizome barrier is not the most effective solution. I recommend that you dig a trench around your plantation instead. You can then monitor the development of the rhizomes every year and cut off any that are trying to escape from the trench.
Now you know all about the germination of giant moso bamboo seeds (Phyllostachys edulis) If you have any questions, feel free to comment on this article.
Also, you can buy your Moso bamboo seeds on the store by clicking on the product below.